High blood pressure is also known as hypertension; it is a blood pressure that systematically reads 90 diastolic or above 140 systolic. It is a severe medical problem which has become a serious concern to expectant women. This is because the consistent increase in blood pressure during the gestation period may result in problems that may affect either the mother or the fetus. This article explores much on how high blood pressure influences pregnancy. Besides, it answers most of the questions that prop out from expectant mothers such as; what are Causes and Effects of hypertension during Pregnancy? How can expectant mothers prevent High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy? Besides, the types of high blood pressure that can affect pregnancy among others issues that have recently been raised by expectant mothers
How can expectant mothers know they have hypertension?
It is recommendable during pregnancy; that you should carry out regular check-ups for blood pressure. In the process of monitoring your blood pressure, if your doctor finds that you have a result that exceeds 140/90 mm Hg, this signals a problem with your blood pressure. However if the reading obtained is lower than that value, this indicates a healthy blood pressure.
What are the causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy?
Due to the increasing number of expectant mothers that are being troubled by this condition, scientists have tried to figure out the possible causes of hypertension during pregnancy. According to their findings after extensive research, the causes include;
- Too much wine consumption and smoking during pregnancy
- Maternal age that is over age of 40 years
- Family genetics or history of pregnancy hypertension
- Conception assistive technologies
- Intake of too much salt by expectant mothers
- Having stress and poor nutrition
- Being overweight or obese
- Thyroid and adrenal disorders
- Miss of physical activity and too much sleeping
- First-time pregnancy
The various types of high blood pressure during gestation period
1. Chronic hypertension
This kind of high blood pressure that is encountered before the start of gestation period; it usually develops before approximately 20 weeks of gestation. There are no notable symptoms of this condition.
2. Gestational hypertension
This type of high blood pressure develops after approximately 20 weeks of pregnancy. Expectant mother with this condition has high chances of developing preeclampsia if the condition persists for 20 weeks without undergoing treatment.
What are health problems caused by high blood pressure during pregnancy?
High blood pressure being one of the major concerns during pregnancy, it is associated with some complications, for instance;
This is a pregnancy complication that more commonly occurs in pregnant mothers who have either gestational hypertension or chronic hypertension. This disorder usually occurs before 32 weeks of pregnancy and after 20 weeks of pregnancy in the third trimester. This defect affects all the organs in a mother’s body, and it comprises of symptoms such as;
- Protein in the urine
- Abnormal kidney or liver function
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in the upper abdomen
- Changes in vision or even temporarily loss of vision
- The low number of platelets in the blood
- Fluid in the lungs hence increased short breath
- Severe headaches and sudden weight gain
It is advisable that if you come across such symptoms during your gestation period, you should seek immediate medical attention. This is because if this disorder has this severe features and it is not treated, it may result in brain damage, coma, pre –term birth and death of the fetus.
2. Low birth-weight
A baby is born with approximately 5-pound less weight. This is because hypertension narrows the uterus blood vessels which in turn result in inadequate amount of nutrients and oxygen reaching the fetus which results in slow growth
3. Pre-term delivery
Hypertension may lead to delivery prior to 38 weeks of gestation period
4. caesarean sections
Expectant mothers with high blood pressure have a very high probability of carrying Caesarean delivery which is typically associated with a couple of health risks such as bleeding, injury to internal organs, and infection
5. Placental abruption
Placental abruption is a defect in which the placenta detaches from the wall of the womb prior to birth. This condition leads to acute vaginal bleeding besides limiting the fetus from acquiring enough oxygen and nutrients
Remedies for high blood pressure during pregnancy
- Being physically active
- Undergoing a pre-conception medical check up
- Avoid smoking and use of illicit drugs prior to or during pregnancy
- Consumption of healthy foods and limiting sodium intake
- Avoiding pregnancies by use of birth controls until your blood pressure is under control
- Attending all your prenatal check-ups
- Taking prescribed medicines and medications to lower your blood pressure
- Avoiding excessive consumption of alcoholic drinks
- Monitoring your weight and also trying the methods of losing weight if you are overweight or obese
- Learn to manage your stress
According to this article, it is quite apparent that high blood pressure has a significant influence on pregnancy therefore this issue should be handled with care. I would recommend to all expectant mothers to try the remedies for high blood pressure during pregnancy, this will enable you to avoid the health problems it is associated with as portrayed in this article.